Apart from skin types, skin care products should also be selected keeping in mind factors like any underlying health condition, genetics, allergies, environment, and more. While there are trillions of skin care products available on the market today, not every product is suitable for everyone.
A skin care product formulated for consumers based in the US or UK is done so keeping in mind the skin requirement of consumers located in those regions. While concerns like acne and dry skin may be common to consumers based in the US and those in India, the skin requirements for the same concern may differ on the basis of skin structure and environment.
Normal Skin: As the name suggests, normal skin is skin that is well-balanced in its composition - it is neither dry nor oily and is not acne-prone. It is considered the desired skin type.
The well-balanced characteristics of the normal skin means there may only be occasional skin issues like acne and the inevitable aging of the skin. Other than that, a normal skin still needs nourishment, hydration, exfoliation and protection from UV rays.
Skin Needs: When choosing skin care products, look for products containing active hydrating ingredients like glycerine, niacinamide, ferulic acid, ceramide, sodium hyaluronate and polyhydroxy acids. Also look for anti-aging ingredients: vitamin C, retinoids and hyaluronic acid.
Refrain From: Excessive use of any skin care product or using harsh products as it is harmful to all skin types, including normal skin. Avoid over-exfoliation and overuse of hyaluronic acid and retinol.
Dry Skin: When sebaceous glands produce less sebum or natural oil, the skin appears flaky and dull. The skin may also feel tight with a rough texture.
The most important step to care for dry skin is to hydrate and moisturise it. With a lack of natural oil production, the skin needs hydration from outer sources.
Skin Needs: When choosing products for dry skin, ensure that the products consist of active ingredients like hyaluronic acid, ceramide, niacinamide, shea butter and lactic acid.
With smaller skin pores and thinner surface skin, dry skin may appear to age quicker than other skin types. Products for dry skin should thus also contain antioxidants like vitamin E and C. The best product to incorporate with all these ingredients is Hydrate Elixir. Using this every day keeps the hydration and health of the skin intact. For excess dryness, use the SkinQ Hydrate facial kit. Maintaining that skin barrier calls for everyday maintenance calls for ceramide-based moisturizer. SkinQ Moisture Balm is the best fit for you.
To avoid the phenomenon, relieving the skin with a Hydrate Elixir daily will help the skin maintain it’s barrier, provide deep hydration. To amplify the hydration quotient, introducing a Hydrate Facial kit to relieve extreme dryness will help.
Oily Skin:Contrary to dry skin, sebaceous glands are more active in oily skin and thus, produce sebum in excess. The over-production of sebum results in clogging the skin's pores and making the skin more prone to acne.
So, while treating oily skin for the over-production of sebum is usually the focus, people with this type of skin should also look into products for acne prone skin.
Skin Needs: One of the best ingredients for oily skin and acne is salicylic acid. Salicylic acid helps to control the excess production of sebum and also clears the skin pores of any grime, debris and sebum that may have accumulated in the pores. It thus prevents acne breakouts.
While selecting products for acne prone skin, other ingredients to look for is azelaic acid and niacinamide. These products are most loved in the beauty industry for their ability to treat acne and help fade acne marks with long-term use.
Experts suggest using non-comedogenic, light-weight products. Serums, gels and matte products are advised for oily skin.
The best way to unclog pores and regulate sebum production is using the SkinQ’s Oil Control Wonder Mask. Infused with multi-actives this mask heals and purifies skin in only 15 minutes.
Refrain From: With excess oil production, your skin does not require oil-based and heavy skin care products. Using these products can back fire as these may promote acne development.
Combination Skin: If your skin feels either oily and dry or normal and sensitive, then you likely have combination skin. As the name suggests, combination skin is a mix of two types of skin. In the case of oily and dry skin, the T-zone, that is, the nose and the forehead is oily, while the cheeks appear to be dry. In the second case, parts of the face feel dehydrated and sensitive, reacting to certain skin care and beauty products as well as factors like hormones, certain medicines and the environment.
Skin Needs: In the case of combination skin, you can combine different treatments suitable for your skin. For this skin type, spot treatment or treating the problem areas with suitable skin products is suggested. The sebaceous glands in the T-zone over-produce sebum, making it more prone to acne. Thus, for the T-zone, choose products that are formulated with ingredients like salicylic acid, azelaic acid and niacinamide. These ingredients are known to help control sebum production as well as acne treatment.
Sensitive skin is easily reactive to certain skin care or beauty products, certain medicines, health conditions, etc. These reactions can look like redness, inflammation and irritation of the skin. Sensitive skin products that are formulated with ingredients such as lactic acid, oat oil and aloe vera are most preferred for this type.
Select a gentle, non-foaming face cleanser and lightweight moisturiser.
Refrain From: It is best to avoid face cleansers that are harsh and foaming in their formulation, as these tend to irritate the dehydrated skin/parts. Using clay masks or products targeted toward oily skin on dry parts can leave your skin dry and dehydrated.
Sensitive Skin: If your skin easily reacts to new or certain skin care products resulting in redness, skin irritation and inflammation, or blemishes, then it is likely that you have sensitive skin.
Skin Needs: Since sensitive skin is prone to react to harsh and strong skin care products, it is necessary to choose products that are gentle and have a calming effect on the skin.
When zeroing down on a face cleanser, ensure that alpha hydroxy acid and retinol are not in high concentrations. This type of skin requires anti-inflammatory products and helps moisturise the skin thus. A moisturiser consisting of ceramides as an ingredient helps protect the skin barrier. Sensitive skin products with lactic acid, aloe vera, and oat oil are also great in calming skin irritation and inflammation.
Refrain From: When looking to try out new skin care products, make sure the products are free from ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and retinol.
The best way to take care of sensitive skin is maintaining it’s skin barrier. Using a ceramide based moisturiser is the best step. Our recommendation is SkinQ’s Moisture Balm, which has active ingredients infused in them.